Scientists estimate that our universe is about 13.8 billion years old. It was the hero of our story who asked if this number found.
His average relativity of 13.8 billion years is the age of the calculated universe according to the predictions made in theory.
So we may have heard about the Big Bang, and physicists think the universe was a tiny one point 13.8 billion years ago. The universe at the beginning of this point was the universe with the smallest infinity.
Then the big bang happened. We don’t know why it happened and how it happened.
All the laws of our physics designs to explain the nature of the universe after its creation. They try to do so, but all the theories we know at that time break down. But this general relativity has singularity. Can not reaffirm. Solving equations of a single point cannot solve because of its infinite number of problems.
This is not without reason. Although Einstein’s general relativity clearly describes how gravity affects long distances, light-years, it does not explain how gravity works at small distances, such as atoms.
The physics that explains the relationship between atoms and their behavior are known as quantum physics. The biggest problem with physics today is that this quantum physics and general relativity are incompatible. These two theories of physics go in opposite directions.
Today, the hottest topic in physics is the four fundamental forces in the universe that we described in our previous articles
- strong nuclear force
- weak nuclear force
Combining these four powers. Over the past hundred years, we have combined some of the theories and developed powerful theories of physics.
But we still fail to combine these four basic powers.
General relativity, or general relativity, gives very clear criteria for gravity. But it is impossible to combine gravitational force with nuclear strong/weak interaction force. Similarly, quantum physics explains very well that the electromagnetic force combines the other two nuclear powers. But the force of gravity cannot be combined with it.
Nature works in very large structures (galaxies – gravity) rather than acting in the smallest structure (atom / atomic nucleus). We have yet to meet a scientific basis. In the future, we will be able to discover this theory. Or, as Stephen Hawking puts it, there is no such thing as a unified law for nature. Infinite frequency theories must understand the structure of nature.
However, the vast majority of physicists think that this joint theory will found in the future.
The physical theory that combines the four fundamental forces of this nature will tell us about the origin of our universe. Something will give us a clear answer to the question of the big bang. We have good reason to believe so.
That is, the four fundamental powers of the universe were the only superpowers at a time when the universe was a single point.
This superpower, then, must have the qualities of the four powers we mentioned above. Also, this power must be smaller than the atom. This is why physicists are trying to find answers to the beginnings of the universe through quantum physics.
The weakest of the four fundamental forces is this gravitational force. But you can easily defeat that force of gravity. Lift a stone or something on the ground.
What is power?
We are trying to understand the meaning of the word “power.” Some people may remember the white van these days. The interchange of particles that are permanently rotated by two objects can be said to be a force acting on the two objects. As long as you chat (and spend), the power of love will be between you two. If no conversation exchange between you two, the relationship is over. If that kind of power works, it means a particle exchange.
What we refer to as the particle here is the creation of nature, which is no longer indispensable.
Since the electron can no longer bond, it is a particle. When we do that, we get particles called “quacks.”
They are called “bottom top,” and they have the same color as “red, green, blue …”, which are not the color we accustomed to in everyday life, but the particle’s charge. The two types of Up and Down quarks are stable and low-density particles, while the other four are unstable particles — own quark. The three quarks together give a +1 charge to the proton. Similarly, the neutron has two up quarks with a charge of +2/3 and a down quark with a charge of 1/3.
Together, all three quarks give the neutron a balance / zero charge (0).
Proton and neutron are continually changing, as quarks transfer from one particle to another.
Neutrons and protons rotate more than a billion times in a single moment.
The six types of quarks together with the electrons (electrons are the particle of this type) make up the matter of the entire square.
According to the Standard Model / Standard model, there are six different types of leptons naturally present, including electrons, muon, and tau particles, as well as their associated neutrino particles (i.e., electron neutrino, muon neutrino, and tau neutrino). The electrons are light and have a mass of 0.000511 Giga The mass of Tron Volt (GeV), and Moons are 0.1066 Gev, and the tau particle (weight) is 1.777 GeV.
Moons and tau particles can compare to an ant and an atom compared to the mass of an electron. Tao is a much larger particle than electrons, whose weight is 3490 times greater than that of electrons.
Different types of basic particles commonly refer to as “flavors.” All three pairs of leptons have different “flavors.” (According to their interactions with other particles) These particles are subdivided into quark, lepton, boson, etc., by their properties such as charge, mass, spin.
If we look at the summary, the entire universe made up of 12 particles of quark and lepton and 12 opposing particles. And with that, five boson particles form the four fundamental forces.
Because of the interaction of physical forces, bosons are sometimes called force particles. According to the standard model of quantum physics, there are several fundamental boson particles. This includes the gauge bosons / interacting bosons, which are the particles that interfere with the fundamental forces.
- Photon – Photon, known as the particle of light, carries all the electromagnetic energy and acts as the boson of interactions that interfere with the force of electromagnetic interactions.
- Gluon – Glucone interferes with strong nuclear force interactions that bind quark particles together to form protons and neutrons, which keep protons and neutrons together in the nucleus of an atom.
- W boson – one of two interacting bosons that interfere with weak nuclear force.
- Z boson – one of two bosons that interfere with weak nuclear force.
- Higgs boson – according to the standard model, the Higgs boson is the particle that gives mass to all the particles. On July 4, 2012, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider discovered evidence of the Higgs boson.
Under the theory of supersymmetry, every fermion has an unrecognized bosonic antagonist. This suggests that – if the supersymmetry is true – 12 other basic bosons have not yet been detected, possibly because they are highly unstable and decay in other ways.
One of these basic features is the “SPIN”, also known as ‘rotation’ (the other properties are ‘charge’ and rest mass). Permian rotation is 1/2, -1/2, -3/2, “Half integer” and the boson rotation is an “integer” such as 0, 1, –1, –2, 2, etc. that is called the half fraction (1/2 SPIN), that is, twice (degrees) 720) that the particle will return to its former state by rotation. We cannot argue that rotates 360 degrees, ie, one round should precede it. The law of probability amplitude can explain it.
This composite boson forms the composite half-rotating particles.
Masons – Two quarks joining together to form a meson. Quarks are fermions, and since they have two semi-complete rotations, it is a combined boson.
Helium-4 atom – Helium-4 atom contains 2 protons, two neutrons, and 2 electrons. Because when it cool to a very low temperature, it becomes a super liquid. It is an isolated gas that does not normally interact with other elements or compounds. Even freezing at -269 degrees Celsius Because of this feature, everything associated with it instantly cools and cools. ‘As you go up the river,’ says Osho, ‘liquid helium does not freeze. At the same time, without any friction on the flowing plane. We know that a liquid will always flow from the top. Helium is no exception! Going to the foot of the mountains is just a little bit of helium.
Theory and problems of everything in the next article.